The system of retraining subject teachers for the innovational activity of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed in this scientific article is based on the principle of balance between the quality and level of professional knowledge and the level of qualifications of a subject teacher. The process of knowledge development which can be mastered by any subject teacher is considered according to an ascending diagram: Signal → Data → Information → Know-how → Actions → Examination. The increase of the competence of a subject teacher who acquires knowledge of the appropriate level changes from «a competent subject teacher» to «an expert teaching of a discipline»: Student → Applicant → Professional Teacher → Functionally Professional Teacher → Competent Teacher → Teacher-Mentor → Teacher-Expert.
In fact specialists of the last two levels in most cases possess implicit knowledge which are contained in people´s minds and, as a rule, have not been fixed or translated into any form. Compared with explicit knowledge, such knowledge is very difficult to formulate both orally and in writing, and such knowledge is usually shared at discussions, while telling stories about various incidents and in person. It includes skills, experience, vision, intuition, and judgments.
In this regard, the basic elements of retraining subject-teachers for the innovational activity are represented as an advisory support and discussions (online-conferences, blogs, methodical seminars and workshops, etc.). Moreover, the contents, form and structure of the advisory support in the new system of training subject-teachers for the innovational activity depend on the level of competence being acquired:
in the formation of a competent subject-teacher - providence of subject teachers with advisory and informational services in realizing innovational activity while teaching specific disciplines within organizations of professional training and development of teachers of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
in the formation of a teacher-mentor - providence of subject teachers with advisory and informational services in achieving a high level of professional qualifications and competence in realizing innovational activity while teaching specific disciplines, stable performance in their work; the formation of an ability and readiness to share professional experience in elaborating modern innovational technologies of teaching specific disciplines (to take an active part in the activity dedicated to increasing qualifications of other teachers); mastering techniques of advising and counseling teachers including those from other educational centers on problems of innovational activity of subject teachers;
an advisory support in the formation of a teacher expert - providence of subject teachers with advisory and informational services how to master skills of examining innovational activity in teaching specific disciplines; the formation of a system idea of an innovational activity in teaching and its role and place in the work of a school and in the system of secondary education of the Republic of Kazakhstan as a whole.
A subject teacher can discuss questions which arise in the process of innovational activity not only while communicating with a consultant, but during discussions, while participating in online-conferences and methodical seminars and workshops, while studying reviews and advice of colleagues in his/her own blog. In this regard, organizations of professional training and development of subject teachers must hold training of teaching to take part online-conferences concerning innovational activity in teaching specific disciplines, informing teachers of rules of participating in online-conferences and norms of network ethics. Besides that subject teachers are supposed to form a skill to hold discussions while participating in methodical seminars and workshops which will increase the level of methodical mastery of school teachers to organize and hold innovational activity in teaching specific disciplines through an exchange of views of colleagues on issues concerning innovational activity in teaching.
A special role in training subject teachers for the innovational activity must be given to the development of skills in creating and managing their own blogs, which serve the professional development of teachers neither through qualification and training courses nor through reading of methodical literature but through keeping a teacher´s diary. Under certain conditions, a blog can become a place of the origin of an educational community of subject teachers and subsequently can be used for its informational support.
The assigned structural elements characterize a new system of retraining subject teachers for the innovational activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The work is submitted to the Scientific International Conference «Higher vocational education. Modern aspects of international cooperation», Spain (Majorca), August 16-23, 2011, came to the editorial office on 28.07.2011.