Ascaridosis - the most spreaded common class of antroponoz geogelmintoz nematosis with fecal-oral mechanism of transmission, characterized by a chronic course with allergy of the body in the early stage of disease and dysfunction of the intestine - in later.
Ascaridosis takes a significant amount of food the host, irritate the intestinal mucosa., cough, arthralgia, myalgia and allergic symptoms: itching and sometimes skin rashes, asthmatic bronchitis, eosinophilic infiltrates in the lungs, pneumonia, blood eosinophilia. Migrated ascaridosis is undiagnosed.
In this regard, it is necessary to study the morbidity by ascaridosis of the population to identify the causes of the spread and to further carry out the necessary anti-epidemic actions.
The aims of this study was to examine manifestations of the epidemic process of ascaridosis diseases in central Kazakhstan. Studies conducted by the standard technique of retrospective epidemiological and statistical analysis of incidence.
The retrospective epidemiological analysis of the morbidity by ascaridosis 2000-2008 years to assess the epidemiological situation: ‒ Study dynamics of the diseases by ascaridosis (defined trend, periodicity).
Was conducted retrospective epidemiological analysis among adults from the beginning of 2003 year we may note the growing of the disease. The most high indexes were registered in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 and made up 50,2; 97,4; 108,2; 161,7 for 100 thousand population. The average rate of the reduction and increasing of the year during the epidemiological process from 2000 till 2008 makes up 11,6 % and is characterized as the tendency is high (reduction and increasing).
Thus, the results our research showed that the incidence by ascaridosis among the adult population from 2000 till 2008 tends to increase, and revealed cyclical with period of 4 years.
All this testifies to the unfavorable epidemiological situation in central Kazakhstan on ascaridosis, as well as the poor quality of insufficient medical care, and highlights the need for further study of this topic.
The work was submitted to the International Scientific Conference «Fundamental research», Croatia, 25 July - 1 August, 2011, came to the editorial office 01.04.2011.