Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972
ИФ РИНЦ = 0,301


Rebrova D.N., Bukatin M.V., Belan E.B., Sadchikova A.I., Bersan O.I.
Many factors such as ecologic and genetic ones, chronic diseases, smoking etc. can influence development of allergic diseases.

The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of allergic diseases in first-year students of four Volgograd institutions of higher education in dependence of their residence before the matriculation.

1200 students have been asked using questionnaire. There were 624/1200 (52%) residents of Volgograd (group I) and 576/1200 (48%) residents of Volgograd region (group II) among them. 37% students from group I visited allergist and allergic diseases were diagnosed in 24% of them while there were 23% and 12% in the group II, respectively. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 62% and 72% in group I and II, respectively. At the same time there were some differences between groups in clinical duration of the disease. So city residents mostly often have symptoms in summer (during grass pollination) but region residents mostly often have them in spring (the period of trees pollination). The second place belongs to bronchial asthma in both cases (15% and 14%, respectively). Urticaria was diagnosed in 14% students from group I while nobody from the second group gave positive answer to this question.

The prevalence of chronic tonsillitis was 48% and 56% students who have allergic diseases from groups I and II, respectively.

The prevalence of smoking more than 5 years was similar on both groups (25% and 21%, respectively).

Thus the prevalence of allergic diseases in Volgograd residents is higher in 2 times than in Volgograd region ones. It may be due to many factors including ecologic and social influences.

The work was submitted to international scientific conference «Actual problems of science and education», Cuba, March 20-30, 2010. Came to the editorial office on 16.03.2010.