Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

A COMMON SCALE OF THE STAGES OF A GEOASTRONOMICAL CHRONOLOGY

Ozhgibesov V.P. 1
1 The Perm State National Research University
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For the first time on the basis of a “Geocontinuum” and a “Geoastronomical” continuum “A Common Scale of Stages of Geoastronomical Chronology” is сonstructed. Is offered new Common Scale of Geoastronomical Chronology from the Big Bang to the Present Time. The author uses this scale in lectures on historical geology for students and in a geological museum.

For the description PreArchean chronology of events of formation of the Earth, the Solar System, method representation about “continuum” [6, 4] is used.

The time scale continued in area of PreGeological events of the past, possible to interpret as “a GeoAstronomical scale” for events PreArchean time down to the moment of formation of the Our Universe [8, 1].

Attempts of construction of a calendar PreArchean time were undertaken earlier [2, 3].

The Principle of Stenon (for the stratigraphical and the geochronological scales) illustrates stratigraphical continuum (“geocontinuum”). For construction of “a General Scale of Stages of GeoAstronomical Chronology” it is offered to use of the Principle Stenon as events-and-time, not only straton-and-time.

In this case the common geochronological scale becomes is a part of “Common Scale of Stages of GeoAstronomical Chronology” of events at the Universe and at the Earth.

Representation of events-time (chronological), and not just only stratigraphical geocontinuum allows to consider Archean-Cenozoical a stage as a component of an interval of time from formation of the Our Universe (13,72 ± 0,12) milliard years [1, 7] up to «Present Time». In this case the general geochronological scale becomes a part of “the General Scale of Stages of geoastronomical chronology”. The geoastronomical scale allows to order and describe chronology of events from the Big Bang to the Present Time (Table).

A Common Scale of the Stages of a GeoAstronomical Chronology

Stages

GalaYear

Gelion

Acron

Eon

Era

Period

From beginning (in milliard years)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

23

Retrospective

Galactic Year № 1

Geozoic (GEOZ)

Neozoic (NZ)

PH Phanerozoic

KZ

Qrcnt

0

Q

0,018

N

0,023

E

0,065

22

RGY № 2 Mesozoic

MZ

К

0,15

J

0,20

T

0,25

21

RGY № 3 Hertsynian

PZ

P

0,30

С

0,35

D

0,40

20

RGY № 4 Caledonian

S

0,45

O

0,50

Є

0,54

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

19

RGY № 5 Vendian

Geozoic (GEOZ)

Proterozoic (NZ)

PR2 (BKL) Baikalian

V

ED

0,63

CRG

0,85

TON

1,0

18

6–7: Baikalian RGY

KRT (RF3)

1,2

17

8–9: Baikalian RGY

YUR (RF2)

1,4

16

10–11: Baikalian RGY

BRZ (RF1)

1,6

15

12–13: .Late Karelian RGY

PRt (KRL)

krl2

1,9

14

14–17: Late Karelian RGY

KRL1

2,5

13

18–21: Belomorian RGY

Archean (AR)

ar2

(BLM)

Early Geosyncline Stage

3,15

12

22–27: Saamian RGY

AR1

(SMS)

Nuclearian Stage

4,2

11

28–29: Regolitian RGY

Prisconia (PRS)

Regolitian

(RGL)

Regolitian Stage. Lunar images

4,3

10

30–31: Accrecian RGY

Accretsia n (ACC)

Accretion Stage of meteoric bodies, forming of the Earth

4,5

9

32–36: ProtoSolarian

Geliozoic (GELZ)

Protoplanet-Galaxian (PGL)

ProtoSolarin (PRS)

Forming of ProtoEarth

5,6

8

37–43: ProtoGalaxian

ProtoGalaxian (PGL)

Forming of ProtoSolar System, Galaxes. Beginning de Sitter’s Epoch

7,2

7

Epoch of formation of the first Stars, Galaxies; formation C, O, N, Fe

from 150 millions to 1 milliard of years

12,7

6

Epoch of formation of the first atoms. Universe is filled H, He, relic radiation of H on wave 21 sm. Stars are absent

380000 years to 150 millions of years

13,55

5

Epoch of beginning of forming He, deuterium, Li-7 (20 min)

3 min – 380000 years

13,70

4

Fridman’s Epoch of expansion of Our Universe; formations of protons and neutrons

10–34 s – 3 min

13,70

3

Epoch of beginning of fast expansion of Our Universe

10–43 s – l0–34 s

13,70

2

Planck’s Epoch. The first instants of formation of Our Uni verse, birth of particles

from 0 to 10–43 s

13,70

1

Epoch of Singularity. The Big Bang (13,72 ± 0,12) milliard years in the past

0 (the Beginning of Histoiy of Our Universe)

(13,72 ± 0,12) milliard of years

Duration of the «events» located on a scale of chronology is not criterion of ranks for the “stages” of geoastronomical chronology. Attributes of division of a scale of stages, are defined by qualitative specificity of events at the Earth and at the Universe [1, 5]. Duration of a stage is not criterion of the size of division’s rank. Criterion of allocation of a separate stage is its qualitative attributes and specificity of corresponding events. For example: three minutes of Fridman’s Epoch and 50 millions of years for the Period of Paleozoic.