Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

CONDITIONS FOR MOTIVATION WHILE LEARNING ENGLISH IN THE TECHNICAL HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

Rakhmanova V.M. 1
1 Branch of Ufa State Petroleum Technological University
1. Rakhmanova V.M. English for students of a correspondence department of technical colleges: education guidance. – Ufa: UGNTU publishing house, 2015. – 214 p.
2. Rakhmanova V.M. English for technologists: the education guidance for first-year students of the specialty // Chemical Technology of Organic Substances. – Sterlitamak: UGNTU publishing house, 2012. – 140 p.
3. Rakhmanova V.M., Fayzrakhmanov L.A. A motivation problem in the professional oriented teaching a foreign language // Actual problems of chemical technology and training: materials All-Russian scientific and practical conference. – Ufa, on September 28–29, 2006 – P. 92–94.

The problem of learning languages is very important today. Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at the present time when the progress in science and technology has led to an explosion of knowledge. The total knowledge of mankind doubles every seven years. English is needed as the main and the most efficient means of information exchange. It is the language of literature, education, modern music, international tourism. English has become the key to international scientific, technological and commercial innovations of today.

With the acceptance of English as the international language of technology and commerce appears a new generation of people who know why they are learning the language. Scientists and scholars need it to keep up with developments in their fields. Many students need English because their course of studies includes textbooks available only in English. Young people around the world need English in order to be able to use the Internet, communicate with their partners in other countries, understand films and songs. Specialists should know foreign languages to communicate with their colleagues at the conferences.

Russia is integrating into the world community and the problem of learning English for the purpose of communication is especially urgent today [2, р. 50]. In Russia people learn English to be able to exchange the latest information concerning science, technology and commerce with their colleagues; to be able to read foreign newspapers and books. Learning foreign languages is especially popular among young people. For them English is a way of exploring a completely new world. A person who travels a lot also needs English. Even in the countries where English is not an official language people will generally be able to understand it.

Specialists have to know that kind of English which will help them solve their professional problems. They need English for specific purposes. It has been established that there are important differences between, say, the English of commerce and that of engineering.

Testing the students entering the technical university shows that the majority of them have the low level of knowledge in English. That is why the lecturer at the higher education establishment has to organize his or her activity in such way in order to equalize the students, level of knowledge in a short time.

Motivation is one of the most famous factors which stimulates the interest of the students in learning foreign languages. Motivation is the result of his whishes, purposes, tasks. The real final success supports the motivation. If there is no success, the motivation disappears [3, р. 92].

As for the higher education establishments, their task is to create conditions for appearing of the impulse, the students, realization of the necessity of knowing the English language and further development of the sphere of motivation.

The teacher of the English language is aimed to develop the skills of communication. These skills are the base in the organization of the production, in the sphere of management and in the sphere of service. Therefore, acquisition of the basis of foreign communication is the specific base for the professional becoming of the students.

At the lessons of foreign languages we solve a number of concrete tasks directed on the professional forming of the person: the development of the individual features of the students, their abilities, professional interests. Due to the Internet they learn new achievements in the different spheres of science and technology while reading, translating, annotiering, abstracting scientific technical texts. Moreover this kind of work develops the students, intellection, widens their outlook. The teaching the student to work with books (dictionaries, reference-books), to annotate, abstract foreign scientific technical texts master their educational abilities [3, р. 93].

The novelty of the information obtained plays a great role in the forming of the motivation. The need in getting new knowledge in their specialty promotes the personal activity of the students, that is stimulates the students being their motivational factor. Today specialists of different branches of sciences and professionals can learn English for their specific purposes. They should be able to write business letters [1, р. 74]. These skills are necessary in any professional activity.

To equalize the students, level of knowledge in a short time we had to organize extra English courses for the students with different level of knowledge, such as elementary, pre-intermediate, intermediate, upper- intermediate.


The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference «New technologies in education», Czech Republic (Prague), May 10–16, 2016, came to the editorial office оn 19.04.2016.