Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972


Scherbakov I.N. 1 Ivanov V.V. 1
1 Platov South-Russian state polytechnic university (Novocherkassk polytechnic institute)
1. Ivanov V.V., Balakai V.I., Ivanov A.V., Arzumanova A.V. Synergism in composite electrolytic nickel-boron-fluoroplastic coatings // Rus. J. Appl. Chem., 2006. – Т. 79. № 4. – Р. 610–613.
2. Ivanov V.V., Balakai V.I., Kurnakova N.Yu. et al. Synergetic effect in nickel-teflon composite electrolytic coatings // Rus. J. Appl. Chem., 2008. – Т. 81. № 12. – Р. 2169–2171.
3. Balakai V.I., Ivanov V.V., Balakai I.V., Arzumanova A.V. Analysis of the phase disorder in electroplated nickel-boron coatings // Rus. J. Appl. Chem., 2009. – Т. 82. № 5. – Р. 851–856.
4. Ivanov V.V. “Concentration waves” model for the tribologic system CM1/_/CM2 // International journal of experimental education, 2014. – № 4. – Part 2. – P. 58–59.
5. Ivanov V.V. “Concentration waves” model for the tribologic system CM1/LL,_/CM2 // International journal of experimental education, 2014. – № 4. – Part 2. – P. 59–60.

The principal properties of the anti-frictional and firmness for wear of the compositional coats (CC), namely, the velocity of linear wear and the friction coefficient, may be presented in following forms:

Ilin = a <Ilin,sol> + (1-α) <Ilin,lub> + Δα (<Ilin,sol> - lin,lub>) and f=a<fsol> + (1-α)<flub> - Δα(<fsol>-lub>).

In formulae the symbol α = αsol is denotes the volume share of solid CC component (in two-component approach), the value Δα = 4(1–α)α2 (1–k(1 + kn)) is the relative synergic effect of the corresponding property, the parameter k is the dimensional factor, which determined the relationship between particle size of solid CC component rsol and the “width” of the “concentration wave” Δx< i.e. k = [rтв/(Δx + rтв)], where 0,5 ≤ k < 1, and the symbol kn is the nanostructural parameter, which denotes the volume share of the possible nanofragments with definite (spherical or cylindrical) form for solid CC component (rтв ≅ Δx by k ≅ 0,5; 0 ≤ kн ≤ 1, for example [1–3]).

The main calculation problem of those CC diagnostic properties is the definition of the volume share a and the mean value of Ilin and f for both solid and lubricant CC components. The basic causes of approximate information only about qualitative and quantitative phase CC composition under friction and wear are the accompanying processes: a processes of the chemical composition change which is limited by the formation of new possible phases, a processes of the pounding and formation of phase’s micro-particles which make difficult the solution of experimental phase analysis problem, and the phases redistribution processes of the chemical system components which may be a cause of origin of the concentration’s gradient of some phases.

Taking into account those causes the theoretical way of the phase problem decision is the only way of the dates receiving which may be the base for the possible forecasting of CC diagnostic properties. The technique of the CC receipt is defines the phase composition of cover. The chemical joint precipitation of Ni- and P-containing components from water solution about t = 90 °C and pH = 5,0 ± 0,5 with the following thermal processing about t = 360 °C during one hour. The composition of this solution is following: NiCl2 6H2O (30 g/liter), NaH2PO2 H2O (10 g/liter), CH3COONa H2O (10 g/liter) and the polyvinyl alcohol (0,5 g/liter) as a stabilized addition. For receipt of the corresponding CC the BN (2 g/liter) or/and teflon suspension (T, 5 ml/liter) were added. After thermal processing of CC the Ni and Ni3P phases of solid component and the BN or/and T phases of lubricant component were obtained. The Ni12P5 , Ni2P and NiB phases were discover into surface layers under dry friction condition and by specific loading 1 MPa (and by the friction velocity V = 0,048 m/s).

The possible chemical transformations as a probable cause of the Ni12P5, Ni2P and NiB phases formation are the next:

(1)-Ni3B→Ni2B + Ni→NiB + 2Ni;

(2)-5Ni3P→Ni12P5 + 3Ni→2Ni5P2 + Ni2P + + 3Ni→3Ni2P + 4Ni;

(3)-6Ni3P→Ni12P5 + Ni2P + 5Ni;

(4)-6Ni + 4BN→2Ni3B + N2 + 2BN→3Ni2B + + 1,5N2 + BN→6NiB + 2N2.

It’s necessary to note the transformations (1) are will be accompanied by partial extraction of the atoms Ni from positions of Ni3B crystal structure (after that from positions of Ni2B structure) and the deformational reconstruction of the Ni-nets and the P-layers (in Ni3P structure) or P-layers only (in Ni2P structure). The first chemical transformation in (2) and (3) may be the result of atoms phosphorus diffusion from domain with lowery concentrations of P under local temperature and pressure gradients influence.

Taking into account the solution’s phase composition, the possible mechanism of the chemical joint of nickel and phosphorus-containing components from water solution, the possible capture’s variants of micro-particles BN and T by these components under CC formation, and the possible chemical transformations processes were received the dates for determination of probable qualitatively and quantitatively phase composition of the solid and lubricant CC components and the corresponding values of a. The certain average values of the <Ilin> under dry friction condition for the phases of solid CC component Ni and Ni3P (≅ 6 mm/h), NiB (≅ 4 mm/h) and for the phases of lubricant CC component Ni12P5 and Ni2P (≅ 7,5 mm/h), BN (≅ 9,5 mm/h) and T (≅ 38 mm/h) were evaluated.

The certain average values of <f> under dry friction condition for the phases of solid CC component Ni and Ni3P (≅ 0,30), NiB (≅ 0,31) and for the phases of lubricant CC component Ni12P5 and Ni2P (≅ 0,04), BN (≅ 0,03) and T (≅ 0,05). For corresponding values of Δα (by k = 0,5 and kn = 0) the values <Ilin>calc and <f>calc were calculated. Obviously, that the obtained values are corresponds to experimental dates satisfactorily [4, 5].  

The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference “Modern high technologies”, SPAIN (Tenerife), November 21–28, 2014, came to the editorial office оn 07.11.2014.