Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972


Khlopkov Y.I. 1
1 Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute
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12. Khlopkov Yu.I., Cernyshev S.L., Zay Yar Myo Myint, Khlopkov A.Yu. Introduction to speciality II. High-speed aircrafts. Moscow, MIPT, 2013. – 192 p.

The development of aviation and space technologies require reliable data on the aerodynamic and aerothermodynamic characteristics of hypersonic vehicles in the whole range of flow regimes, i.e., from the continuum flow regime up to the free-molecular regime. During de-orbiting, the spacecraft passes through the free molecular, then through the transitional regime and the finalized flight is in the continuum flow.

It is well known that for flight in the upper atmosphere, where it is necessary to take into account the molecular structure of gas and using Boltzmann equation and corresponding numerical methods of simulation [1]. While aircraft are moving in low atmosphere, the problems are reduced to the problems that can be solved in the frame of continuum theory or, to be more precise, by application of the Navier-Stokes equations and Euler equations. It is natural to create engineering methods, justified by cumulative data of experimental, theoretical and numerical results, enabling the prediction of aerodynamics characteristics of complex bodies in the transitional regime [2].

Computer modeling allows to quickly analysis the aerodynamic characteristics of hypersonic vehicles by using theoretical and experimental research in aerodynamics of hypersonic flows. The basic quantitative tool for study of hypersonic rarefied flows is direct simulation Monte Carlo method (DSMC) [3] and it is required large amount of computer memory and performance and unreasonable expensive at the initial stage of spacecraft design and trajectory analysis. The solution for this problem is the approximate engineering methods. The Monte Carlo method remains the most reliable approach, together with the local engineering methods, that provides good results for the global aerodynamic coefficients. In the work of [2, 12] indicated that local engineering methods could have significant effect on aerodynamic characteristics of various hypersonic vehicles.

At the Department of Aeromechanics and Flight Engineering (DAFE) of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) was developed the information technology project “ADANAT” (Aerodynamic Analysis of Ensuring the Establishment of Aviation and Space Techniques) by Professor Yuri Ivanovich Khlopkov. Many research grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) supported this project. The parallel calculation center of DAFE MIPT is equipped with the modern CFD software. DAFE with the famous organizations of Russia “TsAGI, TsIAM, Dorodnicyn Computing Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Sukhoi Aviation Holding Company, engineering company TESIS, etc” was defined many fundamental problems in the field of creation of new generation of aviation and space techniques. Development of the center allowed promoting in the solution of the most complex challenges of computing in aerothermodynamics problems. Some of these are the problems of hypersonic aerothermodynamics, rarefied gas dynamics and task about flows in turbojets, etc. Under the projects some books were published [4-12, 2].

The reported study was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) (project № 14-07-00564-а).

The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference “Fundamental research”, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, April 13–22, 2015, came to the editorial office оn 07.04.2015.