Traumatized by the child can lead to serious consequences, and sometimes and to death. Quite often trauma got in the childhood, becomes the reason of permanent functional violations in an organism. So, changes can lead to a curvature or extremity shortening. The hems remaining after burns, pull together joints, limiting their mobility. Insufficient physical activity of fingers owing to wound of a brush limits subsequently choice of profession. After concussion affected many years complain of headaches, sleeplessness, bad memory, impossibility to concentrate [1, 2].
In prevention of childrens traumatism adults have to consider constantly features of development and behavior of the child of early age.
Work purpose: To study dynamics of traumas of various etiology at children of Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Materials and methods. We analysed the reports of reception and diagnostic office of National Centre over the last 5 years.
Results of research. Growth of number of traumas of various etiology at children in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) over the last 5 years is noted. So, indicators of home accidents of 2009 made the 3477th child, for 2013 5037 children addressed with home accidents already. From among addressed, children who demand medical care and supervision are hospitalized. In the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) increase of number of a beating among children over the last 5 years is noted. In 2009 are hospitalized with a beating in National Centre – 78 patients (57,9 %), in 2010 of – 113 children, in 2011 – 73 children, in 2012 – 91 child, in 2013 – 89 children. Seasonality of the bitten traumas is noted during the summer period (June-July-August).
Unfortunately, scheduled maintenance on the prevention of traumas at children in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is insufficient. Further, carrying out preventive actions (work with parents and teachers) is necessary.
1. Growth of quantity of traumas at children in Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is over the last 5 years noted.
2. It is necessary introduction and development of programs of the prevention of traumatism at children at schools, to training of teachers in first-aid treatment in children with traumas.