Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

MAJOR GEOECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF PERM REGION

Kopylov I.S. 1
1 Natural-science institute of the Perm state national research university

Perm region (Perm Krai) – one of the largest regions in Russia (the second largest square in the European part of Russia) and the largest in the Volga economic district, belongs to one of the most adverse ecological regions of the country. Environmental problem in the Perm region in recent years, become extremely important due to global environmental change, the development of an emergency. Environmental problems of the Perm region, and for the entire territory of Russia, related to anthropogenic impacts on the environment, as well as natural – geological factors that have a profound effect on natural ecosystems and public health. Key environmental (geoecological) problems are:

– Chemical pollution in varying degrees of environmental media (air, soil, surface and ground water) due to high development pressure, especially in urban and industrial agglomerations (complex of oil, metallurgical, machine-building, chemical, pulp and paper industry);

– The accumulation of vast amounts of industrial and domestic waste, which is a constant source of many types of environmental pollution. The main problem – the use (utilization) of accumulated waste and reducing the amount of surface storage of newly generated waste;

– Contamination of soil and water with pesticides activities of agriculture;

– Radioactive contamination of the environment due to natural and man-made sources of radiation (including – underground nuclear explosions);

– Violation of natural environments and landscapes of intense economic activity mining (especially halmeic, oil and coal areas);

– Violation of forest and land resources (forest degradation activities of logging and wood industry;

– Change of the hydrogeological conditions: conversion of natural hydrochemical and hydrodynamic conditions, depletion and contamination of fresh groundwater;

– Changing geological conditions: education on undermined spaces fracture zones, subsidence troughs, funnels collapse, the intensification of geodynamic processes. Serious impact on the environment, in certain circumstances can have dangerous Induced Processes;

– The development of exogenous (gully erosion, landslides, flooding, waterlogging, suffusion, the complex processes associated with the processing of the coast, and especially karst reservoirs) and endogenous (geodynamic, structural-tectonic, neotectonic) geological processes;

– The development of natural and man-made natural and environmental impacts.

The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference Modern problems of environmental pollution», Canary Islands (Tenerife), March, 9-16, 2013, came to the editorial office on 28.02.2013.