Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING IN PRESERVING THE HEALTH OF THE POPULATION

Ibrayeva L.K., Khanturina G.R., Dihanova Z.A., Russyayev M.V., Lebedeva Y.A., Tuleuova G.K., Korzhumbaeva A.T.

Environmental protection and rational use of its resources in conditions of rapid growth in industrial production has become one of the most pressing problems of today. Environmental Sustainability provides a rational use of natural resources and protect ecological systems upon which the survival and prosperity of mankind. Humanity is faced with serious problems of depletion of many natural resources, the almost universal contamination of the environment, the negative impact of these phenomena on human health. At the present stage of multivariate effects of chemical pollutants it is important to determine their combined effect on the human body, to examine the contribution of individual contaminants, to assess the risk for public health. It became possible through an integrated definition of anthropotechnogenic load on the environment and risk assessment methodology. However, accurately estimate levels of risk are impossible without the creation of modern systems of environment quality control.

Indicators of are the disease burden calculated by WHO experts show the role of environmental factors in forming public health. Of the 102 major diseases and groups of diseases and injuries, causing the level of ill-health of the population, 85 have environmental components.

This situation, as well as countries´ international obligations to implement the principles of sustainable development, causes the inclusion of ecological well-being issues in national policy and strategy. They provide programmatic activities to improve the environment, prevention of air pollution, indoor air, water and soil, saving and promotion of health, the creation of appropriate infrastructure. Implementation of public policy for the environmental well-being of the population would prevent the development of environmentally sensitive diseases, reduce the environmental burden of disease and improve quality of life.


The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference «Ecological monitoring problems», Italy, 10-17th April 1 2011, came to the editorial office оn 11.02.2010.