Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

THE PLANING OF TACTICAL PREPARATION AT THE PROCESS OF IMPROVEMENT OF SPORTING MASTERY OF JUDOISTS

Plotnikov V.I.
Theoretical analysis, the generalization of foremost practical experience, the analysis of training studies has shown that the tactic of carrying out attacked activities at the fight is still the weakest part at the system of wrestlers´ preparation (N.M.Galkovski, 1985; R.A.Piloyan, A.V.Eganov, V.M.Igumenov, 1982; U.A.Shahmuradov, 1999 and others.). It´s observed that even qualified sportsmen have serious errors at the level of tactic preparation. At the judo there is no enough work that is devoted to learning of preparation activities in the competitive fight. Particularly this is about questions of planning of parts and types of tactic-technical preparation of judoists of different age groups.

The solution of existed blanks requires the analysis, the generalization of foremost experience of coaches´ work, which is connected with the planning of time at the training process to the studying and improvement of tactic actions at the judo. The solving of this problem was carrying out by the use of the whole number of methods of research: theoretic analysis, questionnaire, mathematical-static treatment of foremost facts. Coaches voiced that basing on their experience by the percent ratio of factual (how many do you plan now) and necessary (how many it is used to be) time for planning three types of tactics: 1) tactics of leading of competition; 2) tactics of leading the fight; 3) tactics of preparation actions for the carrying out the sprint by the judoists. Meanwhile it´s necessary to mention that the ratio of these types tactical-technical preparation as the year cycle of preparation is connected with the length of service and also with the problems that are solved at every part of studying process.

In the issue of questionnaire of coaches with the length of service of pedagogical work from 4 to 25 years, which were carried out while the studying and teaching sessions the following facts were gotten: to the tactics of competition leading there is planned 17,9%; to the part of tactics of leading the fight - 27,8%; to the tactics of preparation actions of carrying out the hold - 54,3%. Such situation testifies the bigger mean at the system of training of tactics of preparation actions.

Should be noted the tendency to the rise of planning with the age of judoists by the types of tactics of leading the competitions and tactics of leading the fight. The reverse tendency was revealed by the tactics of preparation actions for the carrying out the hold. At the youthful age to the part of tactical preparation there is allocated 64,3%, at the age of juniors this numeral lowers till 54,5%, and what concerns men to this part in their preparation there is allocated 44,2%. The difference lowers from year to year at the limit of 10%.

The tactics of preparation actions of carrying out the hold is defined among all types. Therefore, the bases of this type of tactic should be digested at the initial phases of studying. But at the planning of tactical preparation of men to the tactics of preparation actions of carrying out the hold there is allocated almost a half of the whole time (44,2%). Thereby from all types of tactical preparation the greatest meaning has the tactics of preparation actions of carrying out the hold.

There should be considered as actual the studying of the questions of planning of the improvement of preparation actions at the system of training of judo. We always single out the following parts at the structure of preparation of judoists: physical, technical, tactical, integral, theoretic, psychological of the mean of active rest and renewal. The greatest time at the training there is allocated to the means of improvement of technic (28,63%) and to the physical preparation (25,57%). The integral preparation (free wrestle in the stand position, in the lying position and in conditions competitive, control-training fight by the rules and by the changed rules of competition) is 13,3%. Tactical - tactics of competition, tactics of leading the fight, tactics of preparation of sprint are accordingly 3,92, 4,15 and 4,07%, that in the sum forms 12,1%.

To the other types of preparation of the mean of active rest, renewal theoretic and psychological preparation at the whole system of training there are allocated from 2,15 to 9,83 %. From the part of physical preparation dominant are the means general physical preparation - 14,75%, against the means of special physical preparation, which are 10,82%. To the point, from the three parts of tactic preparation to the tactic directed to the improvement of tactics of sprint in the stand position there is allocated excellently identical time and accordingly is 3,92; 4,15; 4,07%. At the sum it forms 12,14%.

Thereby the analysis of training study revealed the quantitative ratio of used different means at the system of preparation of judoists of high qualification.

References

  1. Plotnikov, V.I. The planning of tactical preparation of judo of different age groups // The problems of methodical guaranteeing of physical preparation at the interior agency / V.I.Plotnikov : Materials of interregional scientific methodical conference. Issue III. - Chelyabinsk: ChUI of Ministry of the interior of Russia 2003. - P.27-32.
  2. Plotnikov, V.I. The ratio of planning the time of technical and tactical preparation at the judo // Information technologies and technical means of teaching and training at the sphere of physical education and sport / V.I.Plotnikov: Materials of All-Russian scientific conference-fair / Edited by L.A.Hasina - Malahovka: NIIT MGAFK, 2004. - p.55-59.
  3. Plotnikov, V.I. The structure of tactics of the preparation technical actions of judoits of high qualification // Modern problems of development of physical education and sport: tendencies and perspectives / V.I.Plotnikov: International scientific assembly - Yekaterinburg: UGTU, 2005. - P.25-25.

The work is submitted to Scientific Conference "The Problems of International Integration of Educational Standards", England (London) - France (Paris), April 23 - May 1, 2010. Came to the Editor´s Office on 31.03.2010.