Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972


Mironov V.V., Yakimova I.V.
Annyally in this or that part of the world, including Russia, flooding and forest fires suddenly occur, caused by the various reasons, which cause huge damage the natural and the population. Existing ways of protection against these acts of nature not always lead to desirable result. First of all, it is caused by imperfection of means on struggle against elements. One of major factors of successful struggle against sudden flooding and duly localization of forest fires is time of a construction of protective barriers, such as temporary water-retaining dams and fire-prevention protective contours. Existing technical decisions of similar purpose are expensive enough and labour-consuming at their realization besides demand significant time for a construction of protective designs in extreme situations.

We have investigated an opportunity of use of a light, inexpensive polymeric packing material, which is serially let out by the domestic industry practically in each large city of Russia, in disposable designs of an extreme construction of protective barriers from sudden flooding and for localization of local forest fires, and also emergency spreading burning liquid hydrocarbons. Ways of a construction of various purpose protective barriers which are used in designs of the water-filled polymeric casings are patented in the Russian Federation. Realization of these ways in practice will allow to reduce considerably expenses and time of a construction of protective barriers in extreme situations, it will essentially raise efficiency of struggle against acts of nature, such as sudden flooding and forest fires, and also will raise efficiency of liquidation consequences of technogenic failures.

Working capacity of temporary water-retaining dam constructions made of water-filled polymeric casings and contours of protective barriers for localization local forest fires, and also emergency spreading burning liquid hydrocarbons, made of the permeable water-filled polymeric casings has been checked up experimentally on full-scale fragments and has yielded encouraging results.

The article is admitted to the International Scientific Conference "Development prospects of higher school science", Sochi (Dagomys), 20-23th September, 2007, came to the editorial office on 09.11.07.