Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

NECESSITY OF ACADEMIC CREDITS TRANSFER SUBSYSTEM APPROBATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN EDUCATIONAL AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH ACCOUNT OF BOLOGNA DECLARATION

Shkombarova E.V.

The integration of the higher professional education system of the Russian Federation into the world´s system within the framework of the Bologna declaration statements implementation stipulates the creation of a credit system analogous to the European credits transfer system, as a means of students´, teachers´, research workers´ and universities administrative personnel´s mobility promotion.

The change to the system of credit units requires the academic activity organization change in higher educational institutions (HEI) of Russia from a traditional to a credit-modular circuit, the development of new principles of curricula scheme and national educational standards content.

To provide the process of coordination and interaction of HEIs the automated information systems (AIS) on the basis of network-enabled computer technologies are used. The peculiarity of such systems is the presence of modular subsystems having their own tasks and purposes, and the hierarchic relation structure provides the unity of the whole system functioning.

The academic process and training quality management subsystem at a HEI may include a forming unit of specialties curricula, the analysis for their conformity to the national standards, and also the parameter setting of academic schedules and disciplines. The curricula comparability allows students to choose programs corresponding to the qualification being got. The given AIS subsystem contains the taken elective courses accounting units and the students´ special curriculum performance control unit as well.

However, the automated information systems used nowadays have no subsystems allowing the transfer of credit units in their structure. Using the data of other units the academic credits subsystem will be able to do such a recalculation on the basis of carrying out the quantitative assessment of the training load intensity and quantitative training results determination without breaking the traditional system in the transient phase.

The AIS integrity makes possible the interaction of various functional units both on the data and their processing procedures. The functional system adjustment means suppose the AIS adaptation to every specific institution and support the technology of solution transfer from one database to another.

The availability of technologic methods of integration with other applied systems, the application of Internet technologies as means of information resource use provide the use of AIS for the data exchange and processing. The renewed HEI data bursts with the description of courses, their content, training methods, evaluation system, the attachment of a complete curriculum on the given training level; and also other necessary information will allow making clear the educational programs and curricula.

The variation of the existing automated information systems including the credit units´ recalculation subsystems can promote the unification of educational institutions systems into a single educational milieu without education quality and integrity violation, and foresee the possibility of credit transfer accounting within the framework of a sequential training programs, reflecting a definite successfully completed work volume at a certain level for the qualification acknowledgement.

The work is submitted to III International Scientific Conference "Problems of International Integration of National Educational Standards", April, 23-27, 2008, Czechia (Prague) - Luxembourg - France (Paris), came to the editorial office on 11.02.2008.