Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

THE PECULIARITIES OF AGGRESSION DISPLAY AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE STUDENTS IN MULTINATIONAL GROUPS

Danilenko T.V.

The changes in economic, political and spiritual fields in post-soviet era have lead to the transfer into new stage of public and social development, which is characterized by internatiolizational enforcement. National and cultural isolation is getting impossible. Migratory and demography processes enforcement have been mentioned. Therefore, people´s mutual adaptation is taking place, as well as behavior correlation according to traditions and habits of foreign environment. Multinational phenomenon is becoming a peculiarity of social environment transformation.

Multinational phenomenon is a common thing for many territories in Irkutsk region, which are located not far from the oblast center. This phenomenon is a mode of existence and people´s interaction, who live constantly on this area and near foreign countries visitors. Due to the social problem´s complication, multinational phenomenon is accompanied by future uncertainty and cross ethnic intolerance. Intolerance is created on the basis of ignorance and the fear of the unknown, different culture and way of live of other nations. Sometimes intolerance appears under influence of envy, i.e. nations who live better and make more money. Creation of such senses is provoked by information which is spread by Mass Media.

Like in prism, this phenomenon is focused on contemporary school of general education, which is becoming multinational. The role of education cannot be underestimated. Moreover in one particular case the role of educational institution which provides information exchange, permanent and direct interrelation of different nationalities before the fact when a child is able to identify his or her national belonging. It is necessary to talk about cross cultural relationships problem in children´s multinational groups, about the psychological discomfort condition which children have. Having this discomfort, children usually display aggression. The number of children with aggression and self-aggression display is higher in multinational group than in ethnic homogeneous groups.

We supposed that, the behavior of primary school children in multinational classes is under influence of culture´s acceptance - non-acceptance, appearance of the classmates belong to another nationality. This happens due to certain values frustration, such as aesthetic, cultural, natural, etc.

As a result of conducted research, it was discovered that 61 % of children from multinational groups have a high level non-acceptance of foreign culture, foreign nature, foreign climatic environment and other foreign peculiarities in appearance. 22% of children display an average level of foreign nation´s features non-acceptance. Only 13% of children show a low level of non-acceptance. Due to lack of logic, it was impossible to identify the level of non-acceptance among 4% of children.

Two out of three children who live permanently in our local area prefer the nature of their home region and contacts with people who do not have different features in their appearance. So they have a high level of foreign nation´s non-acceptance. 22% of local children have an average level. 2.6% of local children have a low non-acceptance level.

45% of local children have aggressive display of non-acceptance. 32% have a self-aggression tendency. 23% have a normal level. More than a half of local children with a high level of foreign non-acceptance have aggressive tendencies. 88% of local children with an average foreign non-acceptance have self-aggressive tendencies. Local children with low level of foreign non-acceptance have normal display of aggression. Local children with unidentified level of foreign non-acceptance displayed self-aggression tendency.

Considering separately migrant children, we see that only 19 % have a high level of foreign non - acceptance. 25% of children have an average level. 47% of migrant - children have a low level of foreign non-acceptance. It was impossible to identify the level of foreign non-acceptance among 9% of children that had come from other territories. The data which we have discovered coincides with the facts described by E.N. Korneeva, who points out that, adult settlers strive for contacts, try to adapt to a new environment, self-assert into new surroundings and they form their children´s behavior with the help of their own behavior. (E.N. Korneeva "Non-standard children" Yaroslavl. Akademya razvitiya 2007 page 49.)

Children who have come from other territories have a low level of foreign non-acceptance. They are more tolerant to foreign culture and the necessity to socialize with people of different appearance. However, due to discomfort practically every child has aggressive and non-aggressive display afterwards. 32% of migrant - children have aggressive tendencies. 54% of migrant children have self-aggressive tendencies and 13.5 % have normal tendencies.

Our conducted research showed, 79% of schoolchildren have discomfort in multinational collective and it does not matter whether they are local or migrant. They have aggressive displays as well as self-aggressive. Taking into account the extracts, both of them prevail as a tendency.

An average index of aggressiveness of all examined children, local as well as migrants is on the level of deliberate self-control with predominance of aggressive tendencies. The aggression display is possible due to suddenly appeared circumstances, and also with existence of mental disorders. It is possible to suggest the possibility of aggression enforcement with the appearance of stimulus.

Not more that 20% of children in non-multinational groups have aggressive tendencies.

Self-aggression (autoagression) can be stipulated by personal peculiarities and by the condition of psychological discomfort, anxiety, depression. Taking into account the age of children, and their socialization in multinational environment, we inclined to link the existence of aggressive and self-aggressive tendencies in their behavior with discomfort which they have and connected with it the condition of frustration.

Hence, man´s reaction on frustration depends on personal values hierarchy, i.e. how important to him/her the range of interests which is under impact. We should point out essential peculiarities of these connections among children with different levels of foreign non-acceptance.

Children with a high level of foreign non-acceptance appeared to have aesthetics-natural values frustration as the most significant, children with an average level of foreign non-acceptance have cultural values, and children with low level of foreign non-acceptance have values connected with health and physical development.

Conducted research allowed us to discover peculiarities of aggression display among primary age schoolchildren educated in multinational groups, to define the degree of its manifestation in connection with frustrated values including ethno - cultural.

The results have showed, most children had an aggression but with different extent of evidence and display intensity. In a number of cases, as its well-known fact, children´s aggression can indicate on a positive ability for development, on a certain vital powers and energy, on capability to resist negative external distractions, etc. Abnormal aggression display indicates the problems in child´s behavior, possible social and personal disadaptation. It gives grounds to research thoroughly and to conduct a possible correction of aggression display among primary age schoolchildren, educated in multinational groups.

The work is submitted to III Scientific Conference "The Problems of International Integration of Educational Standards", Czechia (Prague) - Luxembourg - France (Paris), April, 20-27, 2008. Came to the Editor´s Office on 26.04.2008.