Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

AUTOGENIC AND HETEROGENE BIO-RECEPTIVE REFLEXES AS A BASIS FOR SELF-REGULATION IN ANIMAL AND PLANT ORGANISMS

Ovchinnikov A.S., Zozulya G.G., Petrov N.Y.

In the recent decades, development of the cytogenetics was marked by a significant success. With the help of the morphologic methods, were found genomes of many plants and animals; it also let localize some genes in chromosomes that are responsible for different functions in the organism - at the level of a cell, tissue or organ. However, physiological self-regulatory mechanisms of an organism, regarded as a bio-ecological system, and its interaction with the environment, are yet to be researched.

Long-time studies on the inter-reception in blood vessels and tissues, let us offer a concept of a bio-reception (1980), that can be defined as a genetically determined interactive reflex process aimed at homeokinesis (homeostasis) of a bio-ecologic system. This involves bio-ecological and bio-receptive reflexes, which are reciprocal.

As a material for our study, we used larval Echinococcus with the contiguous organ tissues of domestic animals (usually lever and lungs, as the most common areas of cysticercus location in the body of an intermediate host). The material was obtained from meat plants in the Volgograd region and city (slaughter material); from patients operated for echinococcosis at the Volgograd hospitals, and also from wild animals, during a scientific expedition to Baikal Amur railway (1979) that was undertaken to study the helminth fauna of the region. We used classic histological, as well as modern histochemical and electromicroscopic research methods. Larval Echinococcus turned out to be a practical and universal model to prove, that our suppositions are also true in other bio-ecological systems. Thus, bio-receptors can be defined as genetically determined structures, which are the main functional element of the sensor activity of bio-ecological systems.

Later, basing on the concept of bio-reception, we determined the reciprocal bio-reception of cells and tissues, as well as formulated a bio-ecological law (1995). It was also determined, that bio-receptors and bio-ecological reflexes, involved in the just mentioned process, are reciprocal in onto- and phylogenesis of intercellular and inter-tissue interactions. So, one should not ignore bio-receptive and bio-ecological reflexes, the related reciprocal bio-reception and bio-ecological law, as well as the bio-reception and the bio-ecology in other bio-ecosystems, because all of them - an organism, a cell, biologic membranes, a family, a country, zoo-geocenosis, global biosphere - live in accordance with the universal bio-ecological law: «Interaction between bio-ecological systems, one of which is a habitat for another or is related to it, involves reciprocal bio-receptive or bio-ecological reflexes, which determine the genesis of these bio-ecosystems». If the bio-ecological law and reciprocal bio-reception are related to ecology, then one can assert, that this discovery also affects some important socio-economic issues. It can be successfully used in preventive medicine, biology and ecology, as well as in life, politics and economy, could be helpful by developing anti-crisis measures in different countries and normal relations between them. To sum up, bio-receptive and biological reflexes should be regarded as reflexes of Life and Universe. And with reference to our planet, they could be called reflexes of the Earth and Peace, if people around the globe have a positive approach to this. That is why our country is historically a remaining stronghold of common peace, fair democracy and good.

The work is submitted to Scientific Conference "The Problems of International Integration of Educational Standards", England (London) - France (Paris), April 20-28, 2009. Came to the Editor´s Office on 10.02.2009.