Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

REGIONAL PECULARITIES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PROCESSING CLUSTER AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Beybalaeva D.K. 1
1 FGBOU VPO “Dagestan state pedagogical University”
Economic development of the Republic of Dagestan in modern conditions is characterized by lack of attention to the formation and development of a processing cluster agro-industrial complex. The need for change in this issue is due to a historical characteristic of Dagestan related to the fact that in tsarist and Soviet periods, when the majority of the population was engaged in agriculture. For detailed recommendations for the effective development of a processing cluster, you must install the APK modern structure – LLC “Aquarius”, LLC “Dagagroholding”, LLC “Daginter” LLC, “Deneb”, LLC “Plant of mineral water ‛Mever’”, “company” mineral water Plant “Rychal-su”, etc. the Development of agriculture of the Republic of Dagestan has such trends, as the increase in the share of agricultural enterprises of small and medium business, etc. Offer – to improve the production structure for the development of deep processing of raw materials and increase the volumes of products with high added value; to increase the share of small enterprises in the production deficit for the Republic agricultural products, etc.
cluster
Economics
processing
region
budgets
management
regulation
1. Birman G., Schmid S. Economic analysis of investment projects. Transl. angl. Edited by L.P. White. – M.: Banks and exchanges. UNITI., 1997.
2. Socio-economic situation of the Republic of Dagestan in the first half of 2014. Report of the state statistics Committee of the Republic of Dagestan. – Makhachkala, 2014.
3. TDC “Development of processed products in the crop sector in the Republic of Dagestan for 2013–2015”.
4. TDC “Development of the canning industry of the Republic of Dagestan for 2014–2016”.
5. TDC “Development of processed products in the livestock industry in the Republic of Dagestan for 2013–2015”.

The state of economic development in the modernization highlights the lack of attention to the formation and development of a processing cluster in the agricultural sector. This has led to the exacerbation of tensions in many regions of Dagestan. While the Republic is the serious challenges relating to enhancing the development of a processing cluster to the main of which is the economic condition of the Republic, dependent on financial support from the center.

Gained significant experience in the regulation of the development of a processing cluster in agriculture in different regions of Russia, CIS countries and in the developed capitalist countries can be applied in our country.

Attention to the development of a processing cluster in agriculture due to historical characteristic of Dagestan related to the fact that in tsarist and Soviet periods, the majority of the population was engaged in agriculture. Unfortunately, at present a modest investment in agriculture affect the level of socio-economic development of Dagestan. As a result, he is one of the last places among the subjects of the Russian Federation. The significant of this has its geopolitical and geo-economic position. Because of Dagestan is located on the southern outskirts of the Russian Federation and borders with the world powers and regional centers, the importance of its progressive development. The greatest importance is the fact that it shares borders with neighbouring countries as Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and has a long coastline with the Caspian sea. It becomes increasingly growing importance as a force of natural resources, and as an alternative means of transport of the Russian Federation with Iran and other coastal States. In addition through its territory major routes of strategic importance in the development of a processing cluster agriculture. That is why Dagestan important using their territorial and resource advantages, and being in the field of view of various States in the region, to develop their processing cluster in the agricultural sector.

In recent years there have been positive changes in the management of the development of a processing cluster in the agro – industrial complex of Dagestan is interested investors in the agricultural sector, modernization of related objects of economy of the Republic as a transport and logistics center, development of land resources for optimal and effective use, etc., However, these aspects are not strict system concept of regional economic development in General and agriculture in particular. This represents a balanced mix of state and market methods and tools for the management and creation of conditions for the development of a processing cluster agriculture in the economy, taking into account all stakeholders from producers to consumers. The necessary improvement of existing mechanisms for managing the development of a processing cluster in the agricultural sector, as well as constant monitoring of the modernization of the process based on the experience of other regions of the Russian Federation and abroad. The solution of this important economic tasks are devoted to dissertation research.

As can be seen from the statistics there has been a steady, though small, increase of production volumes of agricultural enterprises of all types that is related to traditional agricultural orientation of the economy of Dagestan and in high demand among the population of local products (Table 1) [2].

Table 1

The production structure of agriculture by categories of farms (in actual prices; percentage of total)

2005

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Farms of all types

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

including:

agriculture organization of the

9,5

9,2

9,9

10,2

11,1

12,5

14,3

households

82,5

81,0

80,8

79,3

78,1

73,4

71,5

peasant (farmer) economy1)

8,0

9,8

9,3

10,5

10,8

14,1

14,2

Note: 1) Including individual entrepreneurs.

Table 2

Park main types of machines in agricultural organizations1) (year-end; pieces)

2005

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Tractors 2)

4344

3329

2470

2060

1724

1658

1375

Plows

1481

1086

848

824

666

658

544

Cultivators

486

416

355

347

304

308

269

Drill

899

657

474

444

346

335

260

Harvesters:

combine

984

733

506

476

393

372

285

corn

57

53

40

39

30

32

23

forage

134

120

95

90

76

74

63

Mower

526

429

335

338

256

238

210

Balers

818

570

425

403

334

320

278

Reaper rolls

137

108

83

84

64

54

45

Sprinkler and irrigation machinery and equipment

83

65

50

57

41

39

23

Spreaders of solid mineral fertilizers

182

145

114

106

84

86

58

Machines for soil application of organic fertilizers:

Solid

73

69

51

58

45

48

43

Liquid

15

12

11

7

5

10

7

Sprayers and dusters tractor

650

540

457

431

390

376

334

Milking machines and units

42

52

49

46

52

64

70

Notes:

1)Since 2008, excluding microenterprises.

2)Without tractors are mounted on excavation, reclamation and other machines.

The development of a processing cluster in agriculture is impossible without the availability of technical means (Table 2) [2].

For full recommendations for the effective development of a processing cluster, you must install the APK modern structure. It includes such processing plants, such as:

– LLC “Azamat”, producing dried meat, the skin is dried, smoked tail, goat milk, goat cheese;

– LLC “Asercanserv” producing fruit juices;

– LLC “Aquarius” Botlikh district, producing soft drink, pickles, urbech and jam;

– LLC “Amir”, products of milk processing;

– KFH “Kabulkap”, producing fruit juices;

– LLC “Gergebelsky canning factory”, producing fruit juices, canned vegetables, beef stew;

– KFH “Dido”, producing a whole grain flour (corn, wheat, barley, linseed, pumpkin seed, black cumin seeds, oatmeal, wheat malt, enzyme – rye malt, whole FAM. white flax, bran with black caraway seeds, bran with black caraway seeds), honey Caucasian, urbech (paste) in the range, tea and other drinks – barley and oat drinks;

– LLC “Dagagroholding” engaged in the processing of plant products;

– OOO “Daginter” producing confectionery products (biscuits, wafers, etc.);

– LLC “Deneb” producing juices, lemonades and ice teas in the range;

– LLC “Eurokond” engaged in the production of confectionery products;

– LLC “Plant of mineral water ‘Mever’”, which produces mineral water;

– LLC “Plant of mineral water “Rychal-su”, which produces mineral water;

– LLC “Izberbash of the milk plant” that manufactures the products of milk processing;

– LLC “Kizilyurt dairy plant ‘Kolos’”, producing milk and products of its processing;

– LLC “Kizlyar Agrocomplex” producing dairy and meat products and products of their processing in the range;

– LLC “Kizlyar cannery engaged” in the production of fruit and vegetable preserves;

– LLC “Kikuninski cannery”, processing agricultural products;

– LLC “KUMC”, which produces canned meat, sausage and sausages, canned cereals, etc.

– LLC “Makhachkala winery” that produces cognacs in the range;

– LLC “Makhachkala milk factory”, engaged in the manufacture of dairy products;

– LLC “Makhachkala meat-packing” plant, products of meat processing in the range;

– LLC “Mountainous Dagestan”, producing fruits and vegetables, canned meat, semi-finished products;

– KFH “Nur” producing dairy and meat products in the range;

– LLC “Tahirkettle canning factory” that produces fruit and vegetable juices;

– CJSC “Hassok” engaged in the production of juices.

Unfortunately, the production of these enterprises is not high, given the potential for crop and livestock production in Dagestan. In addition, some manufacturers of juices used for the production of the crop in our region, and are ready to concentrate.

Republican authorities offer their own measures to improve the situation in the manufacturing cluster agriculture, through the departmental target program of the Ministry of agriculture of the Republic of Dagestan of the development of the canning industry, the development of processing the crop sector, the development processing of the livestock industry, etc.

They provide analysis, recommendations, forecasts and expected sources of funding. Here are some of them.

For the development of processed products in the crop sector in the Republic of Dagestan for 2013–2015 the proposed financing structure (Table 3) [3].

The development of the canning industry of Dagestan needs in accordance with the target program (Table 4) [4] in such sources of funding as:

For effective development of the processing of livestock products in the target program RD is proposed (Table 5) [5].

Table 3

The structure of funding

The direction of financing activities

The amount of financial security, just

Including at the expense of

the Republican budget of Dagestan (forecast)

extrabudgetary funds (projected)

Technical re-equipment, reconstruction and modernization of production, mln rubles, including:

1615,3

107,1

1508,2

Production of canned fruit

1130,86

75,12

1055,74

Manufacture of grain mill products

484,44

31,98

452,46

Table 4

The total amount of cash needs and sources of program costs

Number

The name of the event

The period of performance, years

Funding – total, millions of rubles

Including at the expense of

the Republican budget of Dagestan

extrabudgetary sources (forecast)

1.

Construction, reconstruction and modernization of production facilities canneries

2014–2016

3178

3178

2014

2542,4

2542,4

2015

635,6

635,6

2016

2.

The acquisition of technological equipment for processing fruit and vegetable raw materials

2014–2016

1060,8

1060,8

2014

318,2

318,2

2015

530,4

530,4

2016

212,2

212,2

3.

Subsidies for reimbursement of expenses for the purchase of technological equipment for processing fruit and vegetable raw materials

2014–2016

530,4

530,4

2014

159,1

159,1

2015

265,2

265,2

2016

106,1

106,1

4.

The acquisition of containers and packaging for the production of canned vegetables and fruit

2014–2016

353,1

353,1

2014

70,6

70,6

2015

106,0

106

2016

176,5

176,5

5.

Subsidies for reimbursement of the value of packaging, for the production of canned vegetables and fruit

2014–2016

70,6

70,6

2014

14,1

14,1

2015

21,2

21,2

2016

35,1

35,1

6.

The cost of acquisition of the main and auxiliary raw materials

2014–2016

2183,4

2183,4

2014

436,7

436,7

2015

655,0

655,0

2016

1091,7

1091,7

7.

Subsidies for reimbursement of expenses for the purchase of the main and auxiliary raw materials

2014–2016

873,4

873,4

2014

174,7

174,7

2015

262,0

262,0

2016

436,7

436,7

Total

2014–2016

8249,7

1474,4

6775,3

2014

3715,8

347,9

3367,9

2015

2475,4

548,4

1927,0

2016

2058,5

578,1

1480,4

Table 5

The structure of the financing activities of the departmental target program

The direction of financing activities

The amount of financial security, just

Including at the expense of

the Republican budget of Dagestan (forecast)

extrabudgetary funds (projected)

Technical re-equipment, reconstruction and modernization, mln rubles, including:

1069,8

64,3

1005,5

processing of meat

577,8

35,4

542,5

processing of milk

472,8

28,9

443,8

The development of small processing plants, research, creation and promotion of brands of food and training in the field of processing of meat and milk

19,2

19,2

Analyzing possible ways of forming the financing of a processing cluster offered by the authorities of Dagestan, one can establish that a large proportion of extra-budgetary sources. Unfortunately, the practice of previous years of development showed that the investment attractiveness of the cluster is not high. We found that, without a comprehensive solution to this issue in General with the development of the acreage, herd development, reclamation activities it is impossible to achieve a clear understanding about the concept of agricultural development.

Based on the foregoing, we believe it is necessary to note that the concept of state regulation should distinguish between three groups of methods of influence on the development of a processing cluster in the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Dagestan:

– methods Interdistrict regulation of relationships;

– methods (Republican) regulation and promotion of territorial development;

– methods of state regulation of development of a processing cluster agriculture at the level of local authorities.

Grant to the Republic:

– to reduce the expense of local budgets limit the prices and tariffs on basic food products and services, and change the range of goods and services, as defined by regulation;

– to adjust the size limits of trade margins to free selling (wholesale) prices for agricultural products in accordance with the cost of their transportation and sale prices on glass containers.

Management development processing cluster in the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Dagestan will be more successful when applying our proposed methods and mechanisms that will lead to improved competitiveness.

We believe that the broad lines of demonopolization are:

– privatization of processing of agricultural enterprises in various industries in accordance with the established legal norms;

– the disaggregation of agricultural enterprises-monopolists with the release of their composition of several independent enterprises with legal entity status (where practicable and economically feasible);

– encourage the development of different forms of small business in the agricultural sector, primarily in the production of consumer goods and services, housing, and also in the sphere of innovative activity;

– the diversification of the agricultural products produced by large enterprises and associations.

A necessary condition for the effectiveness of measures for de-monopolization of agricultural and economic structure in General is strict compliance with the antitrust laws.

The development of agriculture of the Republic of Dagestan has the following development trends:

– the increase in the share of agricultural enterprises of small and medium business;

– the strengthening of integration processes in the context of a global recession;

– the increasing involvement of the state in attracting investors to the processing cluster of agriculture;

– the increase in agricultural production in agriculture;

– the prospects for the development selkhoztekhinka clusters.

However, we found that there are negative effects in the development of the agricultural sector [1], such as:

– the poor development of this important structure of agriculture as a processing cluster;

– insufficient use of the possibilities of application of the mechanism of direct and indirect interregional relations;

– weak use of indirect methods of state regulation;

– high depreciation of the basic production assets of the majority of agricultural enterprises and low capital productivity, which is reflected in the volume of production and its competitiveness.

The resolution of these problems, the removal of constraints on the dynamic development of the agricultural sector [1], can serve the following factors:

– a sufficient amount of natural resources that allows you to increase production with all environmental requirements;

– labor-surplus region, which, however, could encourage the use of labour resources and qualified professionals with the expansion of production;

– available in sufficient volume capacity to process natural resources and production of competitive products;

– the presence of effective demand for manufactured products for the country in other regions of Russia and abroad.

Given these factors, we offer:

– to create a reliable system of social cooperation between the state and the public;

– preserve and maintain existing jobs and create new ones;

– accessibility of General education and vocational training, health services in rural areas;

– to improve the production structure for the development of deep processing of raw materials and to increase the volumes of products with high added value;

– to increase the share of small enterprises in the production deficit for the Republic agricultural products;

– to optimize your process and cooperative communication, which would enable a complete technological cycle of production and marketing of agricultural products in one structure; to reduce the costs per unit of production by expanding the scale of production and competitiveness of agricultural products; to create a rational structure of interaction within companies, the introduction of modern principles of strategic planning, budgeting, regulatory planning methods, cost control, etc.