Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972


Iskhakova N.R. 1 Safiullina N.Z. 1 Iskhakova L.M. 1
1 Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Naberezhnye Chelny Institute of Socio-educational technologies and resources”
1. Zanadvorov V.S. The city’s economy. Introductory Course: Tutorial / V.S. Zanadvornov. – M.: ICC “Akademkniga”, 2003. – 435 p.
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3. On the All-Russian competition for the title of “The most comfortable city of Russia” for 2004: Order Rosstroy from 03.12.2004. – № 266.
4. Safiullina N.Z., Iskhakova N.R. Spiritual culture – as a moral reference point in modern conditions // V.I. Adler sociological reading. The collection of materials of the Republican Conference – Almetjevsk: Typography Agni, 2012. – P. 108–112.
5. Safiullina N.Z., Iskhakova N.R., Iskhakova L.M. and etс. Moral potential formation of spiritual culture of young people (on the materials of the Republic of Tatarstan) / In the world of scientific discoveries. – Krasnoyarsk: Research and Innovation Center, 2014. – № 5 (53) (Social sciences and humanities). – P. 164–169.
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Improvement of city is included one of the most urgent problems of modern urban planning now. It solves the problem of creating a favorable living environment to ensure a comfortable environment for all activities of the population. Improvement of cities included in the national project of the Republic of Tatarstan. Tasks for improvement of the city Naberezhnye Chelny reduced to create favorable conditions for the life of the urban population. In the implementation of this direction external landscaping, functional and spatial structure, objective equipment of open areas and landscape design are becoming increasingly important [1].

The main reason for the problems of land improvement stems from the fact that the policy of national regional cities was limited mainly to the increase and change in the sources of the costs of municipal services without major institutional reforms, taking into account the changing role of cities in national and regional economies. Urban economic policy can now determine how the package of measures carried out in the interests of the local population by local authorities within a certain concept. In the Year of parks and squares (those declared in 2015 by the Government of the Republic of Tatarstan) focuses on recreational areas and landscaping the surrounding territory. The Republic of Tatarstan allocates their accomplishment billion rubles. Naberezhnye Chelny of this amount will receive 136 million rubles [6]. Local area should give owners a sense of freedom, security and comfort. Urban local area forms a single composition, which should dominate harmony and agreement. This should be considered revising in the selection of improvement home territory [3].

Analysis of the adjoining areas in the complex with houses, to which it is adjacent, as a liaison between groups requires a thorough study, as well as further consideration of options to improve the situation. Complexity of the process does not concede many research projects related to the study of ecology in the neighborhood and the various urban development projects. Often, when considering the data and making decisions on the management and implementation of any internal yard work are just a formality.

The study by the authors in 2015 in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny found that look at the issues involved ambiguous. Among men and women there are different opinions and therefore should be separated by sex surveys in the project landscaping.

So 41 % of women are satisfied with the state of the territory near their homes, many also believe that it is necessary to make small changes. Men are more dissatisfied with the court, the figure was 37 %, even 25 % of respondents claimed that state courts does not suit them and the territory need to make adjustments. The same number expressed their indifference to the local area. 75 % of respondents do not spend time in their yards, because appearance of the area does not attract their attention. [2]

The creation of conditions to ensure the distribution of space for the convenience of any age is one of the most urgent problems of the modern national project. In this regard, practice became popular in the city Naberezhnye Chelny in the implementation of parks and boulevards of free internet cafe, which corresponds to the current way of life most of the young people and even adults [2]. Model attracting people to Spending more time in public places introduced in the project accomplishment of territory. Proper use of high technology favors the problems of employment and mobility of children – teenagers.

There is a certain area under the playground equipment in many yards. However, they sometimes take some undefined area in the courts, and their condition causes negative emotions and looking at some slides, swings and other equipment there is a question about the safety of their children. More than half of respondents (56 %) believe that the playground safe in their yards. 17 % reported the unsuitability of the equipment at the sites, the same number of respondents said that in their backyards is not a playground. Evidence suggests that the municipal authorities of cities that are responsible that their backyards are not playgrounds for the appearance of areas still dealing with the issue of the physical development of children, as well as interested in their security. But this does not solve the issue with the rational use of space and proper installation site. It would be much better division of territories under a certain age group [2]. The same principle should be used throughout the local area. Placed at the entrances of shops attract different age groups. 42 % of respondents are satisfied with the number of benches and benches in the courts, as well as their views. In many yards benches with metal frame and wooden floors are put. They do not spoil the appearance of the court and shall not seek to dismantle the bullies. However, 34 % of respondents are not satisfied with the appearance of the benches. Thus, despite the general situation acceptable in the areas adjacent to homes, residents of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny would like to make suggestions to improve the situation in the national project Accomplishment of territory: 53 % of respondents want to see in their backyards separate sports field for soccer, basketball and other outdoor games. 67 % of respondents noted that the themed playground is of interest for the development of children’s fantasy and fairy tale image improves the perception of the territory. Just ask to pay attention to landscaping, as it is often overgrown with grass area, there are no beds. 17 % say there is no organized parking in the yard. 100 % of men said that they need parking for cars, 17 % of women against the separate place for parking cars, 62 % of respondents among the female population still consider it necessary to do so. [2]

However, the information provided gives only a superficial assessment of the situation, they missed the personal relationships of different groups of the population to the present situation, as well as opinions on future developments that will affect the national project of improvement of modern cities. Thus, we conducted a case study is a step towards better relations in society, greater understanding between the authorities and the population of the city, raising the ratings of influence and trust in the local authorities. Diagnosis of existing problems, timely proposal to resolve conflicts – the basis of social harmony and the common rhythm of life in the city.

The government should pay attention to even minor problem in the Accomplishment of territory and encourage citizens to contribute their decision. One means of citizens’ participation in the project is the improvement of adjacent territories contest. To summarize this work, we would like to note the following:

In 2015, Naberezhnye Chelny won the national contest “The most comfortable item of Tatarstan in the category of cities with a population of over 100 thousand people”, carried out by the Ministry of Construction Architecture and Housing and Communal Services of the Republic of Tajikistan. As well as the interaction of various social institutions of the city will help in the formation of spiritual and moral culture of the younger generation [4, 5].