Scientific journal
European Journal of Natural History
ISSN 2073-4972

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM: PROJECT OF DIVISION IN THE INTERNATIONAL ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY

Petrenko V.M.

Lymphatic system plays important role in human life, its structure is studied and described in detail in literature. But in the International Anatomical Terminology (1998) the proper division is absent. I propose the project of such division as addition to the Terminology and is formed on the principles of Terminology. The project consists of three parts - the general terms, the main lymphatic collectors (thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct) and the regional lymphatic paths (on the regions of human body). In the project are included such additional terms, as «lymphatic postcapillary» and «lymphatic vessel unmuscular type», «valvar cylinder», «lymphatic sinuses», «lymphatic trunk», «lymphatic duct» - all these formations have direct concern to organization of lymph flow from organs. In the project are taken into account too:

1) inconstancy of cervical and abdominal parts of thoracic duct, its cervical arch and (terminal) cisterna, initial (abdominal) chyle cisterna, right lymphatic duct;

2) variants of formation of thoracic duct (chyle cisterna, plexus of lumbar trunks or their simplex confluence), its thoracical part (existence of semithoracic duct and another collaterals) and chyle cisterna (own of the duct, of lumbar trunk or transitive from lumbar trunk to the duct), tributaries of lymphatic ducts and their main roots in connection with regional lymph nodes;

3) the connections of lymphatic ducts and trunks with cervical veins;

4) regional lymphatic paths (of head and neck, upper and lower limbs, thoracic, abdominal and pelvic), constant and often discovered, including collaterals and plexuses. I put inconstant formations of lymphatic system in brackets.


The work is submitted to the Scientific International Conference «Modern problems Experimental and clinical medicine», (Thailand), 20-28th, February 2011, came to the editorial office on 15.12. 2010.